The Coachella Canal is a 123 mile (196 km) aqueduct that conveys Colorado River water for irrigation from the All-American Canal to the Coachella Valley in Riverside County, California. Construction of the Coachella Canal began in the 1930’s by Six Companies, Inc., but was interrupted by World War II. After the war, work was resumed on the canal. The canal was completed in 1949 and water deliveries began at that time. The canal is currently operated by the Coachella Valley Water District.
The canal distribution system was constructed and engineered to follow the natural slope of the land to allow the free flow of water in the direction of the force of gravity. Irrigation pumps are used to deliver water to elevated areas within the availability zones.